Traumatic brain injury or TBI is the result of off sudden trauma to the head that produces damage to the brain. TBI is sometimes referred to as head injury or acquired brain injury, a traumatic brain injury can occur when the head of a person is abruptly and/or violently struck with an object, either intentionally or unintentionally. TBI can also be the consequence of an object piercing the skull of an individual that causes damage to the brain tissue.
Depending on the amount of damage to the brain, a person that has suffered a traumatic brain injury can experience symptoms from mild to severe. A victim of TBI can remain conscience after the injury or may lose consciousness for a brief period after the trauma.
According to the Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report compiled by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), traumatic brain injury or TBI is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in the United States. The CDC estimates that each year, on average, TBIs are responsible for about 1.1 million emergency room visits and about 235,000 Americans are hospitalized because of traumatic brain injuries. The report also estimates that about 50,000 people die as a result of TBIs in the United States annually.
Mild symptoms of a TBI may include physical pain such as a headache or physical discomforts such as blurred vision, ringing in the ears, loss of smell, sensitivity to light and sounds, and even a bad taste in the mouth. Some symptoms may be more of a mental condition and can include confusion, behavioral disorders, impulsiveness, mood changes, memory loss, inability to think or concentrate, and/or trouble keeping attention. Other symptoms may include lightheadedness, dizziness, fatigue, lethargy, or a disturbing change in sleep patterns.
Moderate or severe symptoms of a TBI may include any of the above-mentioned symptoms but to a more severe, extended, or worsening degree. These symptoms may be accompanied by strong physical symptoms such as convulsions, seizures, vomiting, nausea, and/or weakness/numbness of the extremities. Intense behavioral symptoms like amplified confusion, problems reading and/or writing, prolonged sleep, restlessness, and/or agitation may also be present. More extreme mental symptoms may include slurred speech and severe loss of coordination.
A traumatic brain injury can result from any of the following:
Traumatic brain injuries can happen anywhere and to anyone. They can result from a workplace accident, physical attack, or even a simple fall.
If a loved one has suffered a traumatic brain injury, you should contact a personal injury attorney with experience and knowledge of TBI laws to help you receive the compensation your family deserves.