Asylum is an immigration benefit in which is offered to foreigners that are searching for protection because they have been, or fear that they will be, persecuted in their native country. However, to be eligible for asylum, the persecution should be based on a person's race, religion, nationality, membership in a particular social group or political opinion.
A major benefit of asylum in the United States is that as an asylee, you are allowed to remain in the United States. An asylee that has maintained his/her status for a year is eligible to apply for a Green Card (Permanent Residence). Furthermore After having filed for asylum in the United States, the asylum applicant will be able to apply for employment authorization after one hundred and fifty (150) days as long as the case has not been denied. Asylees may also apply for a Refugee Travel Document, which would allow them to travel overseas and return to the United States.
To apply for asylum, the applicant must be physically present in the U.S. and should file his/her application within one year of their last entry into the United States. You may still be eligible for asylum if you file after one year; however, it is strongly recommended that you seek professional counseling from an experienced immigration attorney nonetheless.