Employment law in Oregon can be confusing for some to understand. It is hard to know what rules and laws affect you and what your employer can and cannot do. Understanding the basics of the employment law in Oregon will help you make the right decisions about your employment situation.
The first step to getting employment in Oregon is getting a job. This is usually done by applying for a position and, if selected to go further, completing an interview. An interview is designed to give your potential employer an idea of whether or not you would be suited for the job. During the interview the employer is allowed to ask you about you're past work experience, whether or not you have ever been convicted of a crime, and if you are able to work in the United States. The employer cannot ask you any personal questions regarding marriage, divorce, or even children. They should never use this information as a basis for determining whether or not you should be hired.
Many employers in Oregon will ask for references from individuals who are qualified to let them know about your work ethic and character. In most cases these references would be past employers. Employment law in Oregon prohibits past employers from giving out any information that is not strictly job related such is how long you worked there and more. A past employer cannot give personal commentary about your work performance or anything else that might be a biased opinion. Any negative information given about past work performances is considered liable so many past employers will only give information about hiring, separation, and verify wage information.
The average worker in Oregon is unaware that they working under any type of contract. Many companies in Oregon automatically operate under an "at will" contract. This contract allows the employee to leave at anytime and also allows the employer to terminate the employee at anytime. If any contracts are given that specify anything different is important that a potential employee finds an attorney to go over the contract with them before signing.
Regardless of the type of contract signed the employment law in Oregon prevents employers from firing their employees based on personal reasons that have little or nothing to do with their work performance. Wrongful termination reasons include pregnancy, race, religion, or even filing complaints against a company.