Traffic violation laws in Virginia assign points for traffic violations ranging in value from three points for the least severe violation to six points for the most severe.
When you are convicted of a traffic violation, the court notifies the Department of Motor Vehicles (DMV). The DMV will then post the conviction to your driving record, assign demerit points to you according to the severity of your offense, issue an order of suspension where appropriate, and issues an order requiring you to complete a driver improvement clinic, if applicable.
The length of time that a conviction stays on your record depends on the severity of the violation. If you receive an order or notice of revocation, suspension, disqualification or cancellation, your convictions could remain on your record even longer. DMV demerit points remain on your record for two years from the date that you commit the offense. The dates that demerit points are removed from your driving record are not related to the dates that convictions are removed from your record.
Your insurance company may also assign points on your insurance record. DMV points are not related to insurance company points. The insurance companies themselves determine insurance company points. The insurance company will also determine how these points affect your license.
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Demerit points are assigned to your driving record when you commit a traffic violation in Virginia. The points will remain valid for two years from the date you commit the offense (not the date you were convicted, if the offense requires you appear in court). Different violations carry different demerit point values. Point values reflect the seriousness of the offense.
The following are examples of three point violations: speeding one to nine MPH over the posted speed limit, impeding traffic by driving too slowly, improper passing, improper stopping on the highway, coasting with gears in neutral, driving over a fire hose, improper turns, failure to dim headlights, and failure to stop at a crash scene.
Four point violations include reckless driving in the form of failure to stop before entering a highway, speeding 10 to 19 mph over the posted speed limit, passing when unsafe, following too closely and failure to stop at a railroad crossing.
Six point violations include various forms of felony or misdemeanor reckless driving, DUI, vehicular manslaughter, speeding more than 20 MPH over the speed limit, and lesser violations committed by habitual offenders.