A federal crime is any violation of U.S. federal legislation or any crime that occurs on federal property. They can include any crime that crosses state lines such as mail fraud, crimes that can be prosecuted under federal legislation like the Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act (RICO), crimes that involve Federal Grand Jury investigation, or crimes committed or involving federal agencies. Crimes that involve federal agencies can include crimes that implicate such agencies as the U.S. Postal Service (USPS), the Department of Homeland Security (DHS), the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS), the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) etc.
A federal crime defense attorney has to be experienced in grand jury investigations and proceedings as well as federal crime criminal defense law in order to mount an effective defense. The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) or the Bureau in combination with other federal authorities such as the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA), Internal Revenue Service Criminal Investigations Division (IRSCI), or the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms (ATF) usually investigates federal crimes.
Offenses or violations that will require a federal criminal defense attorney include:
Federal crime criminal defense cases differ from state criminal defense cases in various ways. One is that a U.S. Attorney prosecutes federal crimes and not a State Attorney. Federal crime criminal defense has to abide by federal laws as opposed to state or municipal laws. Federal law enforcement agencies investigate federal criminal cases and not local police agencies. Defendants found gusty of a federal crime will be subject to federal sentencing guidelines and may face longer mandatory sentences.